You are allowed, under certain circumstances, to receive unemployment compensation benefits and short-term disability benefits while your workers' compensation claim is pending. However, if you are totally disabled and unable to work at all, you are not eligible for unemployment compensation benefits. On the other hand, if you are able to sustained gainful employment despite restrictions, you can apply for unemployment compensation benefits as a safety net until your workers' compensation benefits are received. Unfortunately, if you receive both unemployment compensation benefits and short-term disability benefits, the employer and the carrier have the right to deduct all the money you received from these benefits before they pay your workers' compensation benefits. This deduction may seem unfair, especially considering the employer's fight against your workers' compensation claim, but it is the law and unfortunately, the law is not always fair.